SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks

Phil Ayres, Wilson da Silva, Paul Nicholas, Thomas Andersen, Johannes Rauff Greisen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper introduces a novel hybrid construction concept, namely Sparse Concrete Reinforcement In Meshworks (SCRIM), that intersects robot-based 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) and textile reinforcement meshes to produce lightweight elements. In contrast to existing 3DCP approaches, which often stack material vertically, the SCRIM approach permits full exploitation of 6-axis robotic control by utilising supportive meshes to define 3D surfaces onto which concrete is selectively deposited at various orientation angles. Also, instead of fully encapsulating the textile in a cementitious matrix using formworks or spraying concrete, SCRIM relies on sparsely depositing concrete to achieve structural, tectonic and aesthetic design goals, minimising material use. The motivation behind this novel concept is to fully engage the 3D control capabilities of conventional robotics in concrete use, offering an enriched spatial potential extending beyond extruded geometries prevalent in 3DCP, and diversifying the existing spectrum of digital construction approaches. The SCRIM concept is demonstrated through a small-scale proof-of-concept and a larger-scale experiment, described in this paper. Based on the results, we draw a critical review on the limi-tations and potentials of the approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRobotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018 : Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture
EditorsJan Willmann, Philippe Block, Marco Hutter, Kendra Byrne, Tim Schork
Number of pages13
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2018
Pages207-220
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-92294-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • 3d printing
  • 3DCP
  • robotic fabrication

Artistic research

  • No

Cite this

Ayres, P., da Silva, W., Nicholas, P., Andersen, T., & Greisen, J. R. (2018). SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks. In J. Willmann, P. Block, M. Hutter, K. Byrne, & T. Schork (Eds.), Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018: Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture (pp. 207-220). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92294-2
Ayres, Phil ; da Silva, Wilson ; Nicholas, Paul ; Andersen, Thomas ; Greisen, Johannes Rauff. / SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks. Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018: Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture. editor / Jan Willmann ; Philippe Block ; Marco Hutter ; Kendra Byrne ; Tim Schork. Springer, 2018. pp. 207-220
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title = "SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks",
abstract = "This paper introduces a novel hybrid construction concept, namely Sparse Concrete Reinforcement In Meshworks (SCRIM), that intersects robot-based 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) and textile reinforcement meshes to produce lightweight elements. In contrast to existing 3DCP approaches, which often stack material vertically, the SCRIM approach permits full exploitation of 6-axis robotic control by utilising supportive meshes to define 3D surfaces onto which concrete is selectively deposited at various orientation angles. Also, instead of fully encapsulating the textile in a cementitious matrix using formworks or spraying concrete, SCRIM relies on sparsely depositing concrete to achieve structural, tectonic and aesthetic design goals, minimising material use. The motivation behind this novel concept is to fully engage the 3D control capabilities of conventional robotics in concrete use, offering an enriched spatial potential extending beyond extruded geometries prevalent in 3DCP, and diversifying the existing spectrum of digital construction approaches. The SCRIM concept is demonstrated through a small-scale proof-of-concept and a larger-scale experiment, described in this paper. Based on the results, we draw a critical review on the limi-tations and potentials of the approach.",
keywords = "3d printing, 3DCP, robotic fabrication",
author = "Phil Ayres and {da Silva}, Wilson and Paul Nicholas and Thomas Andersen and Greisen, {Johannes Rauff}",
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Ayres, P, da Silva, W, Nicholas, P, Andersen, T & Greisen, JR 2018, SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks. in J Willmann, P Block, M Hutter, K Byrne & T Schork (eds), Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018: Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture. Springer, pp. 207-220. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92294-2

SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks. / Ayres, Phil; da Silva, Wilson; Nicholas, Paul; Andersen, Thomas; Greisen, Johannes Rauff.

Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018: Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture. ed. / Jan Willmann; Philippe Block; Marco Hutter; Kendra Byrne; Tim Schork. Springer, 2018. p. 207-220.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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AB - This paper introduces a novel hybrid construction concept, namely Sparse Concrete Reinforcement In Meshworks (SCRIM), that intersects robot-based 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) and textile reinforcement meshes to produce lightweight elements. In contrast to existing 3DCP approaches, which often stack material vertically, the SCRIM approach permits full exploitation of 6-axis robotic control by utilising supportive meshes to define 3D surfaces onto which concrete is selectively deposited at various orientation angles. Also, instead of fully encapsulating the textile in a cementitious matrix using formworks or spraying concrete, SCRIM relies on sparsely depositing concrete to achieve structural, tectonic and aesthetic design goals, minimising material use. The motivation behind this novel concept is to fully engage the 3D control capabilities of conventional robotics in concrete use, offering an enriched spatial potential extending beyond extruded geometries prevalent in 3DCP, and diversifying the existing spectrum of digital construction approaches. The SCRIM concept is demonstrated through a small-scale proof-of-concept and a larger-scale experiment, described in this paper. Based on the results, we draw a critical review on the limi-tations and potentials of the approach.

KW - 3d printing

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Ayres P, da Silva W, Nicholas P, Andersen T, Greisen JR. SCRIM – Sparse Concrete Reinforcement in Meshworks. In Willmann J, Block P, Hutter M, Byrne K, Schork T, editors, Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018: Foreword by Sigrid Brell-Çokcan and Johannes Braumann, Association for Robots in Architecture. Springer. 2018. p. 207-220 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92294-2