Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots

Heiko Hamann, Mohammad Divband Soorati, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Igor Kuksin, Frank Veenstra, Mostafa Wahby, Stig Anton Nielsen, Sebastian Risi, Tomasz Skrzypczak, Payam Zahadat, Przemyslaw Wojtaszek, Kasper Støy, Thomas Schmickl, Serge Kernbach, Phil Ayres

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Key to our project flora robotica is the idea of creating a bio-hybrid system of tightly coupled natural plants and distributed robots to grow architectural artifacts and spaces. Our motivation with this ground research project is to lay a principled foundation towards the design and implementation of living architectural systems that provide functionalities beyond those of orthodox building practice, such as self-repair, material accumulation and self-organization. Plants and robots work together to create a living organism that is inhabited by human beings. User-defined design objectives help to steer the directional growth of the plants, but also the system's interactions with its inhabitants determine locations where growth is prohibited or desired (e.g., partitions, windows, occupiable space). We report our plant species selection process and aspects of living architecture. A leitmotif of our project is the rich concept of braiding: braids are produced by robots from continuous material and serve as both scaffolds and initial architectural artifacts before plants take over and grow the desired architecture. We use light and hormones as attraction stimuli and far-red light as repelling stimulus to influence the plants. Applied sensors range from simple proximity sensing to detect the presence of plants to sophisticated sensing technology, such as electrophysiology and measurements of sap flow. We conclude by discussing our anticipated final demonstrator that integrates key features of flora robotica, such as the continuous growth process of architectural artifacts and self-repair of living architecture.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ECAL 2017 : the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life
Number of pages16
PublisherMIT Press
Publication dateSep 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
EventLiving Architectures Workshop 2017: A workshop of ECAL, the European Conference on Artificial Life - International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL), Lyon, France
Duration: 4 Sep 20174 Sep 2017
http://uncomp.uwe.ac.uk/LIAR/Living%20Architectures%20Workshop%202017.html

Workshop

WorkshopLiving Architectures Workshop 2017
LocationInternational Society for Artificial Life (ISAL)
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period04/09/201704/09/2017
Internet address

Artistic research

  • No

Cite this

Hamann, H., Divband Soorati, M., Heinrich, M. K., Hofstadler, D. N., Kuksin, I., Veenstra, F., ... Ayres, P. (2017). Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots. In Proceedings of ECAL 2017: the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life MIT Press.
Hamann, Heiko ; Divband Soorati, Mohammad ; Heinrich, Mary Katherine ; Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas ; Kuksin, Igor ; Veenstra, Frank ; Wahby, Mostafa ; Nielsen, Stig Anton ; Risi, Sebastian ; Skrzypczak, Tomasz ; Zahadat, Payam ; Wojtaszek, Przemyslaw ; Støy, Kasper ; Schmickl, Thomas ; Kernbach, Serge ; Ayres, Phil. / Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots. Proceedings of ECAL 2017: the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press, 2017.
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title = "Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots",
abstract = "Key to our project flora robotica is the idea of creating a bio-hybrid system of tightly coupled natural plants and distributed robots to grow architectural artifacts and spaces. Our motivation with this ground research project is to lay a principled foundation towards the design and implementation of living architectural systems that provide functionalities beyond those of orthodox building practice, such as self-repair, material accumulation and self-organization. Plants and robots work together to create a living organism that is inhabited by human beings. User-defined design objectives help to steer the directional growth of the plants, but also the system's interactions with its inhabitants determine locations where growth is prohibited or desired (e.g., partitions, windows, occupiable space). We report our plant species selection process and aspects of living architecture. A leitmotif of our project is the rich concept of braiding: braids are produced by robots from continuous material and serve as both scaffolds and initial architectural artifacts before plants take over and grow the desired architecture. We use light and hormones as attraction stimuli and far-red light as repelling stimulus to influence the plants. Applied sensors range from simple proximity sensing to detect the presence of plants to sophisticated sensing technology, such as electrophysiology and measurements of sap flow. We conclude by discussing our anticipated final demonstrator that integrates key features of flora robotica, such as the continuous growth process of architectural artifacts and self-repair of living architecture.",
author = "Heiko Hamann and {Divband Soorati}, Mohammad and Heinrich, {Mary Katherine} and Hofstadler, {Daniel Nicolas} and Igor Kuksin and Frank Veenstra and Mostafa Wahby and Nielsen, {Stig Anton} and Sebastian Risi and Tomasz Skrzypczak and Payam Zahadat and Przemyslaw Wojtaszek and Kasper St{\o}y and Thomas Schmickl and Serge Kernbach and Phil Ayres",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of ECAL 2017",
publisher = "MIT Press",

}

Hamann, H, Divband Soorati, M, Heinrich, MK, Hofstadler, DN, Kuksin, I, Veenstra, F, Wahby, M, Nielsen, SA, Risi, S, Skrzypczak, T, Zahadat, P, Wojtaszek, P, Støy, K, Schmickl, T, Kernbach, S & Ayres, P 2017, Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots. in Proceedings of ECAL 2017: the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press, Living Architectures Workshop 2017, Lyon, France, 04/09/2017.

Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots. / Hamann, Heiko; Divband Soorati, Mohammad; Heinrich, Mary Katherine; Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas; Kuksin, Igor; Veenstra, Frank; Wahby, Mostafa; Nielsen, Stig Anton; Risi, Sebastian; Skrzypczak, Tomasz; Zahadat, Payam; Wojtaszek, Przemyslaw; Støy, Kasper; Schmickl, Thomas; Kernbach, Serge ; Ayres, Phil.

Proceedings of ECAL 2017: the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots

AU - Hamann, Heiko

AU - Divband Soorati, Mohammad

AU - Heinrich, Mary Katherine

AU - Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas

AU - Kuksin, Igor

AU - Veenstra, Frank

AU - Wahby, Mostafa

AU - Nielsen, Stig Anton

AU - Risi, Sebastian

AU - Skrzypczak, Tomasz

AU - Zahadat, Payam

AU - Wojtaszek, Przemyslaw

AU - Støy, Kasper

AU - Schmickl, Thomas

AU - Kernbach, Serge

AU - Ayres, Phil

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - Key to our project flora robotica is the idea of creating a bio-hybrid system of tightly coupled natural plants and distributed robots to grow architectural artifacts and spaces. Our motivation with this ground research project is to lay a principled foundation towards the design and implementation of living architectural systems that provide functionalities beyond those of orthodox building practice, such as self-repair, material accumulation and self-organization. Plants and robots work together to create a living organism that is inhabited by human beings. User-defined design objectives help to steer the directional growth of the plants, but also the system's interactions with its inhabitants determine locations where growth is prohibited or desired (e.g., partitions, windows, occupiable space). We report our plant species selection process and aspects of living architecture. A leitmotif of our project is the rich concept of braiding: braids are produced by robots from continuous material and serve as both scaffolds and initial architectural artifacts before plants take over and grow the desired architecture. We use light and hormones as attraction stimuli and far-red light as repelling stimulus to influence the plants. Applied sensors range from simple proximity sensing to detect the presence of plants to sophisticated sensing technology, such as electrophysiology and measurements of sap flow. We conclude by discussing our anticipated final demonstrator that integrates key features of flora robotica, such as the continuous growth process of architectural artifacts and self-repair of living architecture.

AB - Key to our project flora robotica is the idea of creating a bio-hybrid system of tightly coupled natural plants and distributed robots to grow architectural artifacts and spaces. Our motivation with this ground research project is to lay a principled foundation towards the design and implementation of living architectural systems that provide functionalities beyond those of orthodox building practice, such as self-repair, material accumulation and self-organization. Plants and robots work together to create a living organism that is inhabited by human beings. User-defined design objectives help to steer the directional growth of the plants, but also the system's interactions with its inhabitants determine locations where growth is prohibited or desired (e.g., partitions, windows, occupiable space). We report our plant species selection process and aspects of living architecture. A leitmotif of our project is the rich concept of braiding: braids are produced by robots from continuous material and serve as both scaffolds and initial architectural artifacts before plants take over and grow the desired architecture. We use light and hormones as attraction stimuli and far-red light as repelling stimulus to influence the plants. Applied sensors range from simple proximity sensing to detect the presence of plants to sophisticated sensing technology, such as electrophysiology and measurements of sap flow. We conclude by discussing our anticipated final demonstrator that integrates key features of flora robotica, such as the continuous growth process of architectural artifacts and self-repair of living architecture.

UR - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319700544_Flora_robotica_--_An_Architectural_System_Combining_Living_Natural_Plants_and_Distributed_Robots

M3 - Article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of ECAL 2017

PB - MIT Press

ER -

Hamann H, Divband Soorati M, Heinrich MK, Hofstadler DN, Kuksin I, Veenstra F et al. Flora robotica -- An Architectural System Combining Living Natural Plants and Distributed Robots. In Proceedings of ECAL 2017: the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press. 2017