Developing Architecture Studio Culture: Peer-Peer Learning

Publications: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Traditionally, architecture teaching has been centered around the architectural design studio, where students are taught usually on an individual project basis. This studio environment is a physical space but also a pedagogical and cultural space where learning and teaching happens. Students also regularly present their design and design process to tutors, external guests and peers. The studio is based on project-based learning and allows for reflective practice, and integration and testing of abstract knowledge into projects. This unique pedagogical tradition of studio-based teaching is based on ‘reflection in action’ , developed from the master-apprentice model, as a simulation of ‘real-life’ practice, with regular feedback on the student’s design development by tutors. However, studio culture can also lead to unhealthy practices, such as peer-peer pressure and competition, long hours, isolation from other activities, and stress when exposed to negative ‘public evaluation’ of one’s work. Nevertheless, studio culture can also support reciprocal peer-peer learning, which happens in formalized group work but also informally in the absence of tutors. Advantages include co-experimenting, and learning competences, design processes and critical reflection from and with one another, building a student’s confidence to try new things.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAMPS Education, Design and Practice 17.1 : Education, Design and Practice
EditorsEllyn Lester
Number of pages9
Publication date4 Apr 2020
Article number28
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2020
EventEducation, Design and Practice: Understanding skills in a Complex World - AMPS and Stevens University , Hoboken, United States
Duration: 17 Jun 201919 Jun 2019


ConferenceEducation, Design and Practice
LocationAMPS and Stevens University
Country/TerritoryUnited States
SeriesAMPS Proceedings Series


  • education
  • pedagogies
  • peer-peer learning
  • architecture
  • studio

Artistic research

  • No

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