Design Tools and Workflows for Braided Structures

Petras Vestartas, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Mateusz Zwierzycki, David Andres Leon, Ashkan Cheheltan, Riccardo La Magna, Phil Ayres

Publications: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


This paper presents design workflows for the representation, analysis and fabrication of braided structures. The workflows employ a braid pattern and simulation method which extends the state-of-the-art in the following ways: by supporting the braid design of both pre-determined target shapes and exploratory, generative, or evolved designs; by incorporating material and fabrication constraints generalised for both hand and machine; by providing a greater degree of design agency and supporting real-time modification of braid topologies. The paper first introduces braid as a technique, stating the objectives and motivation for our exploration of braid within an architectural context and highlighting both the relevance of braid and current lack of suitable design modelling tools to support our approach. We briefly introduce the state-of-the-art in braid representation and present the characteristics and merits of our method, demonstrated though four example design and analysis workflows. The workflows frame specific aspects of enquiry for the ongoing research project flora robotica. These include modelling target geometries, automatically producing instructions for fabrication, conducting structural analysis, and supporting generative design. We then evaluate the performance and generalisability of the modelling against criteria of geometric similarity and simulation performance. To conclude the paper we discuss future developments of the work.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHumanizing Digital Reality : Design Modelling Symposium Paris 2017
EditorsKlaas De Rycke, Christoph Gengnagel, Olivier Baverel, Jane Burry, Caitlin Mueller, Minh Man Nguyen, Philippe Rahm, Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen
Publication date2017
ISBN (Print)978-981-10-6610-8
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-10-6611-5
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventDesign Modelling Symposium Paris 2017: Humanizing Digital Reality - Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Versailles (ENSA-Versailles), Paris, France
Duration: 13 Sep 201720 Sep 2017


ConferenceDesign Modelling Symposium Paris 2017
LocationEcole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Versailles (ENSA-Versailles)
Internet address

Artistic research

  • No


flora robotica: Flora Robotica: Societies of Symbiotic Robot-Plant Bio-Hybrids as Social Architectural Artifacts

Hamann, H., Ayres, P., Schmickl, T., Wojtaszek, P., Stoy, K., Kernbach, S., Wahby, M., Divband Soorati, M., Heinrich, M. K., Zahadat, P., Hofstadler, D. N., Skrzypczak, T., Wadurkar, S., Nielsen, S. A., Veenstra, F. & Kuksin, I.


Project: Research

Cite this

Vestartas, P., Heinrich, M. K., Zwierzycki, M., Leon, D. A., Cheheltan, A., La Magna, R., & Ayres, P. (2017). Design Tools and Workflows for Braided Structures. In K. De Rycke, C. Gengnagel, O. Baverel, J. Burry, C. Mueller, M. M. Nguyen, P. Rahm, & M. R. Thomsen (Eds.), Humanizing Digital Reality: Design Modelling Symposium Paris 2017 Springer.