Bespoke Materials For Bespoke Textile Architecture

Martin Tamke, Yuliya Baranovskaya, Anders Holden Deleuran, Filipa MBF Monteiro, Raul Fangueiro, Natalie Stranghöhner, Jörg Uhlemann, Michel Schmeck, Christoph Gengnagel, Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen

Publications: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Membrane architecture uses currently off the shelf materials and produces the shapes and details through cutting and laborsome joining of textile patterns. This paper discusses investigations into an alternative material practice - knit - which engages bespoke membrane materials. A practice which allows for customised and graded material properties, the direct fabrication of shaped patterns and the integration of detailing directly into the membrane material. Based on two demonstrators built as hybrids of bespoke CNC knit and bending active GFRP rods this paper discusses the affordances and procedures, which this new practice of digital fabrication of membrane material requires. The central focus is set on the interaction between the involved disciplines and the emerging iterative process of design, material specification, prototyping, evaluation, (re-)design and (re-)specification. We discuss how design and engineering practices change, when material properties move from given and constant into the area of design and gradient.

Bespoke materials for bespoke textile architecture. Available from: [accessed Jan 24, 2017].
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIASS 2016 Tokyo Symposium : Spatial Structures in the 21st Century
EditorsKen’ichi Kawaguchi, Makoto Ohsaki, Toru Takeuchi
Number of pages10
Publication date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event IASS Annual Symposium 2016: Spatial Structures in the 21st Century - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 26 Sep 201630 Oct 2016


Conference IASS Annual Symposium 2016
Internet address


  • membrane materials
  • form finding
  • simulation
  • testing
  • customisation

Artistic research

  • No

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