Adaptive Fungal Architectures

Andrew Adamatzky, Antoni Gandia, Phil Ayres, Han Wösten, Martin Tegelaar

Publications: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


With an estimate of 3.8 million species, fungi are amongst the most numerous creatures in the world. They started, shaped and maintained Earth ecosystems. Fungi also act as forest internet allowing trees to communicate with each other and with microbial populations. Fungi can sense everything humans can sense. Fungi demonstrate a high degree of proto-intelligence and show evidence of a long distance communication withing their extended bodies that includes decision making. Fungi are also used as furniture, building and decoration materials. Taking into account all these unique properties of fungi we decided to produce a living and ‘thinking’ house made of fungi. Here we discussed our first first steps towards the biofabrication and implementation of our fungal architecture.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)66-77
Number of pages12
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Fungi
  • Mycelium
  • Biofabrication
  • Fungal computing
  • Adaptive architecture
  • Living Architecture

Artistic research

  • Yes

Cite this