3d Printed Bio-hybrid Structures: Investigating the architectural potentials of mycoremediation

Claudia Colmo, Phil Ayres

Publications: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


In this paper, we present a speculative design concept for a mycelium-based living bio-hybrid architectural system. The system combines inoculated lignocellulosic substrates with soil-based 3d printed structures that function as growth scaffolds, material boundaries and spatial organisers. The primary objective of the system is to exploit mycelium as a living remediator of contaminated sites, in the form of architectural proposition. The feasibility of this concept is investigated in two ways:

1) material composition development and process control parameters for
soil-based 3d printing
2) the synthesis of printed prototypes to determine geometric and environmental parameters for promoting colonisation of mycelium and supporting its role as both structural binder and `Mycorestoration' agent

This work is contextualised with reference to the state-of-the-art in order to
identify the research gap and articulate the contribution of a mycelium-based
remediating architecture. The merits and limits of the experimental results are
reflected upon and trajectories of further investigation outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnthropologic – Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age : Proceedings of the 38th International Online Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Berlin, Germany, 16th-17th September 2020
EditorsLiss C. Werner, Dietmar Koering
Number of pages10
Publication dateSep 2020
ISBN (Electronic)9789491207204
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Event38th eCAADe Conference (online) 2020: Anthropologic - Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age - TU Berlin, Berlin , Germany
Duration: 16 Sep 202017 Sep 2020


Conference38th eCAADe Conference (online) 2020
LocationTU Berlin
Internet address


  • Mycelium
  • Mycorestoration
  • Soil contamination
  • 3D printing
  • Bio-hybrid Architecture
  • Design based experimentation

Artistic research

  • Yes

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