Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives

Signe Hjerrild Smedemark, Morten Ryhl-Svendsen, Birgit Vinther Hansen, Ingelise Nielsen

Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskningpeer review

Resumé

Paper records affect the indoor environment in archives, because the paper may give off acid compounds to the air. These emission products origins from the decay of cellulose and lignin in the paper. As the off-gassing origins from chemical processes within the material (e.g., acid hydrolysis) the reaction rate is therefore, among other things, depending on temperature. Some of the emission products from paper, e.g., acetic and formic acid, are problematic from a conservation point of view, because they will re-react with the paper and other archival materials and cause further deterioration. The problem is amplified by an often very large loading (mass of material vs. volume) of paper in archival rooms. Furthermore, many archives have only little ventilation, so the exchange of polluted air with ambient air is low. The general trend; higher temperature accelerates material’s emission, and a high loading increases the level of internally generated pollutants in a confined room, is well recognized. However, the decisive factors are only sparingly quantified, and in the poster we will place these in a conservation context.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato13 apr. 2014
Antal sider1
StatusUdgivet - 13 apr. 2014
BegivenhedIAQ 2014: 11th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality in Heritage and Historic Environments - Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals ASCR, Prague, Prag, Tjekkiet
Varighed: 13 apr. 201416 apr. 2014

Konference

KonferenceIAQ 2014
LokationInstitute of Chemical Process Fundamentals ASCR, Prague
LandTjekkiet
ByPrag
Periode13/04/201416/04/2014

Kunstnerisk udviklingsvirksomhed (KUV)

  • Nej

Citer dette

Hjerrild Smedemark, S., Ryhl-Svendsen, M., Vinther Hansen, B., & Nielsen, I. (2014). Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives. Poster session præsenteret på IAQ 2014, Prag, Tjekkiet.
Hjerrild Smedemark, Signe ; Ryhl-Svendsen, Morten ; Vinther Hansen, Birgit ; Nielsen, Ingelise . / Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives. Poster session præsenteret på IAQ 2014, Prag, Tjekkiet.1 s.
@conference{051abed1d5be463a9ffada5de81a62a9,
title = "Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives",
abstract = "Paper records affect the indoor environment in archives, because the paper may give off acid compounds to the air. These emission products origins from the decay of cellulose and lignin in the paper. As the off-gassing origins from chemical processes within the material (e.g., acid hydrolysis) the reaction rate is therefore, among other things, depending on temperature. Some of the emission products from paper, e.g., acetic and formic acid, are problematic from a conservation point of view, because they will re-react with the paper and other archival materials and cause further deterioration. The problem is amplified by an often very large loading (mass of material vs. volume) of paper in archival rooms. Furthermore, many archives have only little ventilation, so the exchange of polluted air with ambient air is low. The general trend; higher temperature accelerates material’s emission, and a high loading increases the level of internally generated pollutants in a confined room, is well recognized. However, the decisive factors are only sparingly quantified, and in the poster we will place these in a conservation context.",
author = "{Hjerrild Smedemark}, Signe and Morten Ryhl-Svendsen and {Vinther Hansen}, Birgit and Ingelise Nielsen",
note = "Poster; null ; Conference date: 13-04-2014 Through 16-04-2014",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "13",
language = "English",

}

Hjerrild Smedemark, S, Ryhl-Svendsen, M, Vinther Hansen, B & Nielsen, I 2014, 'Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives' IAQ 2014, Prag, Tjekkiet, 13/04/2014 - 16/04/2014, .

Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives. / Hjerrild Smedemark, Signe ; Ryhl-Svendsen, Morten; Vinther Hansen, Birgit; Nielsen, Ingelise .

2014. Poster session præsenteret på IAQ 2014, Prag, Tjekkiet.

Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskningpeer review

TY - CONF

T1 - Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives

AU - Hjerrild Smedemark, Signe

AU - Ryhl-Svendsen, Morten

AU - Vinther Hansen, Birgit

AU - Nielsen, Ingelise

N1 - Poster

PY - 2014/4/13

Y1 - 2014/4/13

N2 - Paper records affect the indoor environment in archives, because the paper may give off acid compounds to the air. These emission products origins from the decay of cellulose and lignin in the paper. As the off-gassing origins from chemical processes within the material (e.g., acid hydrolysis) the reaction rate is therefore, among other things, depending on temperature. Some of the emission products from paper, e.g., acetic and formic acid, are problematic from a conservation point of view, because they will re-react with the paper and other archival materials and cause further deterioration. The problem is amplified by an often very large loading (mass of material vs. volume) of paper in archival rooms. Furthermore, many archives have only little ventilation, so the exchange of polluted air with ambient air is low. The general trend; higher temperature accelerates material’s emission, and a high loading increases the level of internally generated pollutants in a confined room, is well recognized. However, the decisive factors are only sparingly quantified, and in the poster we will place these in a conservation context.

AB - Paper records affect the indoor environment in archives, because the paper may give off acid compounds to the air. These emission products origins from the decay of cellulose and lignin in the paper. As the off-gassing origins from chemical processes within the material (e.g., acid hydrolysis) the reaction rate is therefore, among other things, depending on temperature. Some of the emission products from paper, e.g., acetic and formic acid, are problematic from a conservation point of view, because they will re-react with the paper and other archival materials and cause further deterioration. The problem is amplified by an often very large loading (mass of material vs. volume) of paper in archival rooms. Furthermore, many archives have only little ventilation, so the exchange of polluted air with ambient air is low. The general trend; higher temperature accelerates material’s emission, and a high loading increases the level of internally generated pollutants in a confined room, is well recognized. However, the decisive factors are only sparingly quantified, and in the poster we will place these in a conservation context.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Hjerrild Smedemark S, Ryhl-Svendsen M, Vinther Hansen B, Nielsen I. Temperature dependent emission of formic and acetic acid from paper, and its consequences for the air quality in archives. 2014. Poster session præsenteret på IAQ 2014, Prag, Tjekkiet.