Multiscale Modeling Frameworks for Architecture: Designing the Unseen and Invisible with Phase Change Materials

Paul Nicholas, Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen, Martin Tamke, Phil Ayres, Yuliya Baranovskaya, Billie Faircloth, Ryan Welch, Brandon Cuffy

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Multiscale design and analysis models promise a robust, multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, but at present have limited application during the architectural design process. To explore the use of multiscale models in architecture, we develop a calibrated modeling and simulation platform for the design and analysis of a prototypical envelope made of phase change materials. The model is mechanistic in nature, incorporates material-scale and precinct scale-attributes, and supports the design of two- and three-dimensional phase change material geometries informed by heat transfer phenomena. Phase change material behavior, in solid and liquid states, dominates the visual and numerical evaluation of the multiscale model. Model calibration is demonstrated using real-time data gathered from the prototype. Model extensibility is demonstrated when it is used by designers to predict the behavior of alternate envelope options. Given the challenges of modeling phase change material behavior in this multiscale model, an additional multiple linear regression model is applied to data collected from the physical prototype in order to demonstrate an alternate method for predicting the melting and solidification of phase change materials.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Architectual Computing
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)104–122
Antal sider18
ISSN1478-0771
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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abstract = "Multiscale design and analysis models promise a robust, multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, but at present have limited application during the architectural design process. To explore the use of multiscale models in architecture, we develop a calibrated modeling and simulation platform for the design and analysis of a prototypical envelope made of phase change materials. The model is mechanistic in nature, incorporates material-scale and precinct scale-attributes, and supports the design of two- and three-dimensional phase change material geometries informed by heat transfer phenomena. Phase change material behavior, in solid and liquid states, dominates the visual and numerical evaluation of the multiscale model. Model calibration is demonstrated using real-time data gathered from the prototype. Model extensibility is demonstrated when it is used by designers to predict the behavior of alternate envelope options. Given the challenges of modeling phase change material behavior in this multiscale model, an additional multiple linear regression model is applied to data collected from the physical prototype in order to demonstrate an alternate method for predicting the melting and solidification of phase change materials.",
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Multiscale Modeling Frameworks for Architecture : Designing the Unseen and Invisible with Phase Change Materials. / Nicholas, Paul; Ramsgaard Thomsen, Mette; Tamke, Martin; Ayres, Phil; Baranovskaya, Yuliya; Faircloth, Billie; Welch, Ryan; Cuffy, Brandon.

I: International Journal of Architectual Computing, Bind 16, Nr. 2, 2018, s. 104–122.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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AU - Nicholas, Paul

AU - Ramsgaard Thomsen, Mette

AU - Tamke, Martin

AU - Ayres, Phil

AU - Baranovskaya, Yuliya

AU - Faircloth, Billie

AU - Welch, Ryan

AU - Cuffy, Brandon

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AB - Multiscale design and analysis models promise a robust, multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, but at present have limited application during the architectural design process. To explore the use of multiscale models in architecture, we develop a calibrated modeling and simulation platform for the design and analysis of a prototypical envelope made of phase change materials. The model is mechanistic in nature, incorporates material-scale and precinct scale-attributes, and supports the design of two- and three-dimensional phase change material geometries informed by heat transfer phenomena. Phase change material behavior, in solid and liquid states, dominates the visual and numerical evaluation of the multiscale model. Model calibration is demonstrated using real-time data gathered from the prototype. Model extensibility is demonstrated when it is used by designers to predict the behavior of alternate envelope options. Given the challenges of modeling phase change material behavior in this multiscale model, an additional multiple linear regression model is applied to data collected from the physical prototype in order to demonstrate an alternate method for predicting the melting and solidification of phase change materials.

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