Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elipidae: Hydrophiinae)

Kate L. Sanders, Michael S.Y. Lee, Mumpuni, Terry Bertozzi, Arne Redsted Rasmussen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologically
diverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promising
model for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera in
Hydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling for Hydrophiini
using three mitochondrial fragments and five nuclear loci for multiple individuals of 39 species in
15 genera. Our results highlight many of the impediments to inferring phylogenies in recent rapid radiations,
including low variation at all five nuclear markers, and conflicting relationships supported by
mitochondrial and nuclear trees. However, concatenated Bayesian and likelihood analyses, and a multilocus
coalescent tree, recovered concordant support for primary clades and several previously unresolved
inter-specific groupings. The Aipysurus group is monophyletic, with egg-eating specialists forming separate,
early-diverging lineages. All three monotypic semi-aquatic genera (Ephalophis, Parahydrophis and
Hydrelaps) are robustly placed as early diverging lineages along the branch leading to the Hydrophis
group, with Ephalophis recovered as sister to Parahydrophis. The molecular phylogeny implies extensive
evolutionary convergence in feeding adaptations within the Hydrophis group, especially the repeated evolution
of small-headed (microcephalic) forms. Microcephalophis (Hydrophis) gracilis is robustly recovered
as a relatively distant sister lineage to all other sampled Hydrophis group species, here termed the ‘core
Hydrophis group’. Within the ‘core Hydrophis group’, Hydrophis is recovered as broadly paraphyletic, with
several other genera nested within it (Pelamis, Enhydrina, Astrotia, Thalassophina, Acalyptophis, Kerilia, Lapemis,
Disteira). Instead of erecting multiple new genera, we recommend dismantling the latter (mostly
monotypic) genera and recognising a single genus, Hydrophis Latreille 1802, for the core Hydrophis group.
Estimated divergence times suggest that all Hydrophiini last shared a common ancestor 6 million years
ago, but that the majority of extant lineages diversified over the last 3.5 million years. The core Hydrophis
group is a young and rapidly speciating clade, with 26 sampled species and 9 genera and dated at
only 1.5–3 million years old.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer66
TidsskriftMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Vol/bind66
Sider (fra-til)375-391
Antal sider16
ISSN1055-7903
StatusUdgivet - 2013

Kunstnerisk udviklingsvirksomhed (KUV)

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Citer dette

@article{a9d5dc43735e47e7838831281400c4a6,
title = "Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elipidae: Hydrophiinae)",
abstract = "The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologicallydiverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promisingmodel for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera inHydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling for Hydrophiiniusing three mitochondrial fragments and five nuclear loci for multiple individuals of 39 species in15 genera. Our results highlight many of the impediments to inferring phylogenies in recent rapid radiations,including low variation at all five nuclear markers, and conflicting relationships supported bymitochondrial and nuclear trees. However, concatenated Bayesian and likelihood analyses, and a multilocuscoalescent tree, recovered concordant support for primary clades and several previously unresolvedinter-specific groupings. The Aipysurus group is monophyletic, with egg-eating specialists forming separate,early-diverging lineages. All three monotypic semi-aquatic genera (Ephalophis, Parahydrophis andHydrelaps) are robustly placed as early diverging lineages along the branch leading to the Hydrophisgroup, with Ephalophis recovered as sister to Parahydrophis. The molecular phylogeny implies extensiveevolutionary convergence in feeding adaptations within the Hydrophis group, especially the repeated evolutionof small-headed (microcephalic) forms. Microcephalophis (Hydrophis) gracilis is robustly recoveredas a relatively distant sister lineage to all other sampled Hydrophis group species, here termed the ‘coreHydrophis group’. Within the ‘core Hydrophis group’, Hydrophis is recovered as broadly paraphyletic, withseveral other genera nested within it (Pelamis, Enhydrina, Astrotia, Thalassophina, Acalyptophis, Kerilia, Lapemis,Disteira). Instead of erecting multiple new genera, we recommend dismantling the latter (mostlymonotypic) genera and recognising a single genus, Hydrophis Latreille 1802, for the core Hydrophis group.Estimated divergence times suggest that all Hydrophiini last shared a common ancestor 6 million yearsago, but that the majority of extant lineages diversified over the last 3.5 million years. The core Hydrophisgroup is a young and rapidly speciating clade, with 26 sampled species and 9 genera and dated atonly 1.5–3 million years old.",
author = "Sanders, {Kate L.} and Lee, {Michael S.Y.} and Mumpuni and Terry Bertozzi and {Redsted Rasmussen}, Arne",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "375--391",
journal = "Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution",
issn = "1055-7903",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elipidae: Hydrophiinae). / Sanders, Kate L. ; Lee, Michael S.Y.; Mumpuni; Bertozzi, Terry; Redsted Rasmussen, Arne.

I: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Bind 66, 66, 2013, s. 375-391.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elipidae: Hydrophiinae)

AU - Sanders, Kate L.

AU - Lee, Michael S.Y.

AU - Mumpuni,

AU - Bertozzi, Terry

AU - Redsted Rasmussen, Arne

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologicallydiverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promisingmodel for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera inHydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling for Hydrophiiniusing three mitochondrial fragments and five nuclear loci for multiple individuals of 39 species in15 genera. Our results highlight many of the impediments to inferring phylogenies in recent rapid radiations,including low variation at all five nuclear markers, and conflicting relationships supported bymitochondrial and nuclear trees. However, concatenated Bayesian and likelihood analyses, and a multilocuscoalescent tree, recovered concordant support for primary clades and several previously unresolvedinter-specific groupings. The Aipysurus group is monophyletic, with egg-eating specialists forming separate,early-diverging lineages. All three monotypic semi-aquatic genera (Ephalophis, Parahydrophis andHydrelaps) are robustly placed as early diverging lineages along the branch leading to the Hydrophisgroup, with Ephalophis recovered as sister to Parahydrophis. The molecular phylogeny implies extensiveevolutionary convergence in feeding adaptations within the Hydrophis group, especially the repeated evolutionof small-headed (microcephalic) forms. Microcephalophis (Hydrophis) gracilis is robustly recoveredas a relatively distant sister lineage to all other sampled Hydrophis group species, here termed the ‘coreHydrophis group’. Within the ‘core Hydrophis group’, Hydrophis is recovered as broadly paraphyletic, withseveral other genera nested within it (Pelamis, Enhydrina, Astrotia, Thalassophina, Acalyptophis, Kerilia, Lapemis,Disteira). Instead of erecting multiple new genera, we recommend dismantling the latter (mostlymonotypic) genera and recognising a single genus, Hydrophis Latreille 1802, for the core Hydrophis group.Estimated divergence times suggest that all Hydrophiini last shared a common ancestor 6 million yearsago, but that the majority of extant lineages diversified over the last 3.5 million years. The core Hydrophisgroup is a young and rapidly speciating clade, with 26 sampled species and 9 genera and dated atonly 1.5–3 million years old.

AB - The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologicallydiverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promisingmodel for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera inHydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling for Hydrophiiniusing three mitochondrial fragments and five nuclear loci for multiple individuals of 39 species in15 genera. Our results highlight many of the impediments to inferring phylogenies in recent rapid radiations,including low variation at all five nuclear markers, and conflicting relationships supported bymitochondrial and nuclear trees. However, concatenated Bayesian and likelihood analyses, and a multilocuscoalescent tree, recovered concordant support for primary clades and several previously unresolvedinter-specific groupings. The Aipysurus group is monophyletic, with egg-eating specialists forming separate,early-diverging lineages. All three monotypic semi-aquatic genera (Ephalophis, Parahydrophis andHydrelaps) are robustly placed as early diverging lineages along the branch leading to the Hydrophisgroup, with Ephalophis recovered as sister to Parahydrophis. The molecular phylogeny implies extensiveevolutionary convergence in feeding adaptations within the Hydrophis group, especially the repeated evolutionof small-headed (microcephalic) forms. Microcephalophis (Hydrophis) gracilis is robustly recoveredas a relatively distant sister lineage to all other sampled Hydrophis group species, here termed the ‘coreHydrophis group’. Within the ‘core Hydrophis group’, Hydrophis is recovered as broadly paraphyletic, withseveral other genera nested within it (Pelamis, Enhydrina, Astrotia, Thalassophina, Acalyptophis, Kerilia, Lapemis,Disteira). Instead of erecting multiple new genera, we recommend dismantling the latter (mostlymonotypic) genera and recognising a single genus, Hydrophis Latreille 1802, for the core Hydrophis group.Estimated divergence times suggest that all Hydrophiini last shared a common ancestor 6 million yearsago, but that the majority of extant lineages diversified over the last 3.5 million years. The core Hydrophisgroup is a young and rapidly speciating clade, with 26 sampled species and 9 genera and dated atonly 1.5–3 million years old.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 66

SP - 375

EP - 391

JO - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

JF - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

SN - 1055-7903

M1 - 66

ER -