Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants: a bio-hybrid approach

Mostafa Wahby, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Ewald Neufeld, Igor Kuksin, Payam Zahadat, Thomas Schmickl, Phil Ayres, Heiko Hamann

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Plant growth is a self-organized process incorporating distributed sensing, internal communication and morphology dynamics. We develop a distributed mechatronic system that autonomously interacts with natural climbing plants, steering their behaviours to grow user-defined shapes and patterns. Investigating this bio-hybrid system paves the way towards the development of living adaptive structures and grown building components. In this new application domain, challenges include sensing, actuation and the combination of engineering methods and natural plants in the experimental set-up. By triggering behavioural responses in the plants through light spectra stimuli, we use static mechatronic nodes to grow climbing plants in a user-defined pattern at a two-dimensional plane. The experiments show successful growth over periods up to eight weeks. Results of the stimuli-guided experiments are substantially different from the control experiments. Key limitations are the number of repetitions performed and the scale of the systems tested. Recommended future research would investigate the use of similar bio-hybrids to connect construction elements and grow shapes of larger size.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer180296
TidsskriftRoyal Society Open Science
Vol/bind5
Udgave nummer10
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2018

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    Kunstnerisk udviklingsvirksomhed (KUV)

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    Wahby, M., Heinrich, M. K., Hofstadler, D. N., Neufeld, E., Kuksin, I., Zahadat, P., ... Hamann, H. (2018). Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants: a bio-hybrid approach. Royal Society Open Science, 5(10), [180296]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180296
    Wahby, Mostafa ; Heinrich, Mary Katherine ; Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas ; Neufeld, Ewald ; Kuksin, Igor ; Zahadat, Payam ; Schmickl, Thomas ; Ayres, Phil ; Hamann, Heiko. / Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants : a bio-hybrid approach. I: Royal Society Open Science. 2018 ; Bind 5, Nr. 10.
    @article{2572cba1546940a79ff9516ab26aa809,
    title = "Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants: a bio-hybrid approach",
    abstract = "Plant growth is a self-organized process incorporating distributed sensing, internal communication and morphology dynamics. We develop a distributed mechatronic system that autonomously interacts with natural climbing plants, steering their behaviours to grow user-defined shapes and patterns. Investigating this bio-hybrid system paves the way towards the development of living adaptive structures and grown building components. In this new application domain, challenges include sensing, actuation and the combination of engineering methods and natural plants in the experimental set-up. By triggering behavioural responses in the plants through light spectra stimuli, we use static mechatronic nodes to grow climbing plants in a user-defined pattern at a two-dimensional plane. The experiments show successful growth over periods up to eight weeks. Results of the stimuli-guided experiments are substantially different from the control experiments. Key limitations are the number of repetitions performed and the scale of the systems tested. Recommended future research would investigate the use of similar bio-hybrids to connect construction elements and grow shapes of larger size.",
    keywords = "Distributed Control, Natural Plants, Self-organisation, Biotechnology, Bio-hybrid, Adaptive Construction",
    author = "Mostafa Wahby and Heinrich, {Mary Katherine} and Hofstadler, {Daniel Nicolas} and Ewald Neufeld and Igor Kuksin and Payam Zahadat and Thomas Schmickl and Phil Ayres and Heiko Hamann",
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    Wahby, M, Heinrich, MK, Hofstadler, DN, Neufeld, E, Kuksin, I, Zahadat, P, Schmickl, T, Ayres, P & Hamann, H 2018, 'Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants: a bio-hybrid approach' Royal Society Open Science, bind 5, nr. 10, 180296. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180296

    Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants : a bio-hybrid approach. / Wahby, Mostafa; Heinrich, Mary Katherine; Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas; Neufeld, Ewald ; Kuksin, Igor; Zahadat, Payam; Schmickl, Thomas; Ayres, Phil; Hamann, Heiko.

    I: Royal Society Open Science, Bind 5, Nr. 10, 180296, 01.10.2018.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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    AU - Wahby, Mostafa

    AU - Heinrich, Mary Katherine

    AU - Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas

    AU - Neufeld, Ewald

    AU - Kuksin, Igor

    AU - Zahadat, Payam

    AU - Schmickl, Thomas

    AU - Ayres, Phil

    AU - Hamann, Heiko

    PY - 2018/10/1

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    N2 - Plant growth is a self-organized process incorporating distributed sensing, internal communication and morphology dynamics. We develop a distributed mechatronic system that autonomously interacts with natural climbing plants, steering their behaviours to grow user-defined shapes and patterns. Investigating this bio-hybrid system paves the way towards the development of living adaptive structures and grown building components. In this new application domain, challenges include sensing, actuation and the combination of engineering methods and natural plants in the experimental set-up. By triggering behavioural responses in the plants through light spectra stimuli, we use static mechatronic nodes to grow climbing plants in a user-defined pattern at a two-dimensional plane. The experiments show successful growth over periods up to eight weeks. Results of the stimuli-guided experiments are substantially different from the control experiments. Key limitations are the number of repetitions performed and the scale of the systems tested. Recommended future research would investigate the use of similar bio-hybrids to connect construction elements and grow shapes of larger size.

    AB - Plant growth is a self-organized process incorporating distributed sensing, internal communication and morphology dynamics. We develop a distributed mechatronic system that autonomously interacts with natural climbing plants, steering their behaviours to grow user-defined shapes and patterns. Investigating this bio-hybrid system paves the way towards the development of living adaptive structures and grown building components. In this new application domain, challenges include sensing, actuation and the combination of engineering methods and natural plants in the experimental set-up. By triggering behavioural responses in the plants through light spectra stimuli, we use static mechatronic nodes to grow climbing plants in a user-defined pattern at a two-dimensional plane. The experiments show successful growth over periods up to eight weeks. Results of the stimuli-guided experiments are substantially different from the control experiments. Key limitations are the number of repetitions performed and the scale of the systems tested. Recommended future research would investigate the use of similar bio-hybrids to connect construction elements and grow shapes of larger size.

    KW - Distributed Control

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    KW - Self-organisation

    KW - Biotechnology

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    KW - Adaptive Construction

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